Музыкальный киоск
Евреи всех стран, объединяйтесь!
Добро пожаловать на сайт Jewniverse - Yiddish Shteytl
    Поиск   искать в  

 РегистрацияГлавная | Добавить новость | Ваш профиль | Разделы | Наш Самиздат | Уроки идиш | Старый форум | Новый форум | Кулинария | Jewniverse-Yiddish Shtetl in English | RED  

Help Jewniverse Yiddish Shtetl
Поддержка сайта, к сожалению, требует не только сил и энергии, но и денег. Если у Вас, вдруг, где-то завалялось немного лишних денег - поддержите портал



OZON.ru

OZON.ru

Самая популярная новость
Сегодня новостей пока не было.

Главное меню
· Home
· Sections
· Stories Archive
· Submit News
· Surveys
· Your Account
· Zina

Поиск



Опрос
Что Вы ждете от внешней и внутренней политики России в ближайшие 4 года?

Тишину и покой
Переход к капиталистической системе планирования
Полный возврат к командно-административному плану
Жуткий синтез плана и капитала
Новый российский путь. Свой собственный
Очередную революцию
Никаких катастрофических сценариев не будет



Результаты
Опросы

Голосов 715

Новости Jewish.ru

Наша кнопка












Поиск на сайте Русский стол


Обмен баннерами


Российская газета


Еврейская музыка и песни на идиш

  
Myron Winick. Hunger Disease

Отправлено от Anonymous - Saturday, October 01 @ 00:00:00 MSD

Holocaust
Hunger Disease:

Studies by the Jewish Physicians in the Warsaw Ghetto:

Their Historical Importance and Their Relevance Today



By Myron Winick,

Williams Professor Emeritus of Nutrition, Columbia University




This lecture will tell a story that is, and that we can only hope will remain, unique in the annals of medicine. It is the report of a scientific study by physicians condemned to die of the same disease they were studying: hunger and subsequent starvation. The time was 1940, the place the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland. The Nazis had sealed several hundred thousand people off from the outside world, determined to starve them to death. Amid the destruction, starvation, and rampant infectious disease, a group of physicians decided to undertake a careful medical investigation of hunger and starvation. To undertake such a study in a fully equipped hospital using a well-trained staff would have been difficult enough; to undertake the study in a hospital within the ghetto walls which was poorly equipped and staffed by personnel who themselves were starving was remarkable. The details of the study had to be worked out in secret meetings, the essential equipment had to be smuggled into the ghetto, personnel had to be trained, and the entire operation had to be kept secret from Nazi conquerors who wanted none of this exposed to the outside world. Even the final manuscript, written in Polish, had to be smuggled out to the Aryan side. It was entrusted to Professor Orlowski, Director of the Department of Medicine at Warsaw University, who buried it until it could be safely uncovered.

In 1945 the manuscript was recovered and given to the American Joint Distribution Committee. Shortly thereafter several hundred copies were printed in Polish. During the 1950s a few copies of a French translation became available. Because of its limited availability the study was almost completely unknown to the world scientific community. In 1979 I had the opportunity to edit an English edition translated by the late Martha Osnos and published by John Wiley & Sons under the title, Hunger Disease. The publication in English has resulted in acceptance by the scientific community of the remarkable contribution made by these physicians. I hope it has also achieved one of the objectives of the doctors carrying out the study: the recognition of the enormous contribution of Jewish medicine and science even under the deplorable conditions that existed in the Warsaw ghetto.



Only two of the major doctors taking part in the study survived. One was the cardiologist Emil Apfelbaum, who lived just long enough to retrieve the manuscript and ironically died of a heart attack shortly thereafter. The other was Henryk Fenigstein, who immigrated to Canada where he had two successful medical careers, one as an obstetrician and the second as a psychiatrist specializing in the problems that confronted many of the holocaust survivors and their families. My wife and I had the pleasure of celebrating his 70th birthday with him and his wife about twenty years ago. I told him that I was thinking of writing a novel about the study. He encouraged me to do so, for he felt strongly that the world should know not only about the findings of the study but also about those who contributed to carrying it out and to make sure the manuscript survived.



The novel, which is now finished, also points out how the findings in the study remain extremely relevant today. For example, if we had known these findings when the concentration camps were liberated, perhaps thousands of lives might have been saved. Today, with starvation still rampant throughout the third world, we have learned from the study how to treat these people. We will discuss other findings in the study that have influenced the way in which we now treat chronically malnourished children and adults.



Thus the discussion will be not only about a study unique in the annals of medical history but also about the doctors and nurses who carried it out, the smugglers who brought in the equipment and took out the manuscript, and the people on the Aryan side who realized the importance of the findings and hid the manuscript in a safe place.

 
Повествующие Линки
· Больше про Holocaust
· Новость от Irena


Самая читаемая статья: Holocaust:
Предательство Оскара Шиндлера


Article Rating
Average Score: 0
Голосов: 0

Please take a second and vote for this article:

Excellent
Very Good
Good
Regular
Bad



опции

 Напечатать текущую страницу  Напечатать текущую страницу

 Отправить статью другу  Отправить статью другу




jewniverse © 2001 by jewniverse team.


Web site engine code is Copyright © 2003 by PHP-Nuke. All Rights Reserved. PHP-Nuke is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL license.
Время генерации страницы: 0.070 секунд